Lingering symptoms following concussion
WESTBOROUGH, MA February 15, 2014 Post-concussion Syndrome or PSC results in a small number of cases of traumatic brain injury that go on to have symptoms like headache 1-3 months after onset of injury. Concussive injuries are a common and sometimes lingering affliction in as many as 15 percent of patients. Some believe when litigation is involved the symptoms of concussion may linger even longer!
Concussion occurs with and without a lapse in consciousness. Any force hitting the skull can induce the cascade of physiological effects of concussion. These symptoms generally last 3-14 days with the subtle cognitive consequences being most lingering. The Concussion Assessment and Management Program (CAMP) keeps track of patient’s who require support after concussion. CAMP is now located at Whittier Rehabilitation Hospital in Westborough and offers a complete range of concussion assessment and management protocols. Many people wrongly believe that they may return to practice and then games without first being cleared by a physician. Most states require this clearance before an athlete may return to play. Rhode Island was the first state in New England to require concussion education for all parents, athletes, coaches, and referees. Most states have followed suit. The state of Connecticut has an outstanding concussion training program for coaches.
Post concussion has a range of symptoms associated with those who are diagnosed with lingering, unresolved symptoms. Typically, PCS has a range of possible symptoms in three domains: physical, cognitive, and psychological. The physical symptoms of post-concussion or mild traumatic brain injury are usually short-lived. But a small subset of patients with concussion go on to have a prolonged course of recovery and persistent symptoms – as many as 5-15 percent. Symptoms include headache, poor concentration, poor balance, changes in mood, sleep disturbance, poor concentration and attention, and decreased short-term memory. This is known as post-concussion syndrome and has been shown to be a significant barrier to fully independent functioning to those with this affliction.
- Sensitivity to light and noise
- Feelings of fogginess
- Poor concentration
- Changes in sleep
- Decreased frustration tolerance – irritability
- Depression and mood changes